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the basics of magick


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I. Ethics

A. The Wiccan Rede

B. The Law or Return (sometimes called the "Threefold Law")

C. Perfect Love and Perfect Trust (among partners in magick)

II. The Witches' Pyramid

A. Faith in your abilities and powers.

B. Imagination to vividly create in your mind that which you desire to 


C. Will to achieve your goal despite all obstacles.

D. Secrecy to keep your magickal intention concentrated and pure.

III. The four Qualities of the Mage

A. To know

B. To will

C. To dare

D. To keep silence

IV. Preparatory Skills (hatha and raja yoga are good aids to developing 


A. Cleansing, clearing and stilling

B. Grounding

C. Centering

d. Concentrating ieving one-pointedness)

V. Defining the Goal: Form vs. Essence

VI. Working with the Power

A. Confining it (casting the Circle)

B. Raising it

C. Sending it (channeling it)... for imediate effect or into storage

D. Earthing the excess (grounding it)

VII. Systems and Techniques

A. Spellcraft

B. Words of Power and affirmations, charms and incantations

C. Dance, postures and mudras

D. Meditation, trancework and hypnosis, fascination

E. Stone magick

F. Candle magick

G. Amulets and talismans; power objects or "psychic batteries"

H. Healing

1. Psychic (visualization, laying on of hands)

2. Herbal

3. Energy channeling iwht auras and chakras

4. Color therapyTHE BASICS OF MAGICK

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5. Other systems listed above 

I. Divination

1. Scrying

2. Astrology

3. Tarot

4. Runesticks

5. Lithomancy (casting the stones)

6. I Ching

7. Other systems

8. Pendulum or radiesthesia

J. Astral travel

K. Thought forms; wraths, fetches, artificial elementals

L. Extra-sensory perception

1. Clairsentience

2. Clairvoyance

3. Clairaudience

4. Precognition

5. Telepathy

6. Telempathy

7. Psychometry

8. Telekinesis

9. Teleportation

M. Sympathetic magic (poppets and such)

N. Runes

O. Mediumship, necromancy, and spirit guides

P. Philtres and Poteins

Q. Cleansing, purification, protection and blessing; esxorcism; 

ligature, binding

R. Power animals, totems and familiars; shapeshifting

S. Tree magick

T. Dreamcraft

U. Ritual tool magick

V. Invocation, evocation and going into aspect

W. Symbols, sigils and images; Tattvic symbols; numerology

X. Conjuration or summoning; banishing or exorcism

Y. Commemoration or linking

Z. Past life regression or recall

AA. Pathworking on the Tree of Life

BB. Ceremonial magic

VIII. Timing

A. The lunar cycle

B. The Wheel of the Year

C. Astrological conjunctions

D. Planetary hours and days

E. Individual biorhythms

IX. Creating your own reality, following your True Will

Prepared by: Amber K

 Our Lady of the WoodsTHE BASICS OF MAGICK

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 The ability to think seems to set us apart from

other creatures. And although we are concerned with

living in the physical world, we are mental beings. The

fact is we are thinking all the time. We plan, we brood,

we get depressed or elated -- all of it is thought. But

the universe is mental too, and if we could control our

thinking we would see magnificent results in the everyday


 Many systems have been developed over the ages to

help us control our thoughts. A great amound of dogma too

has been kicked around in an attempt to make us into better

people. Magick (the occult kind, spelled with a 'k') is one

of the oldest and most general of these systems. Magick is

the study and application of psychic forces. It uses mental

training, concentration, and a system of symbols to program

the mind. The purpose of magick is to alter the self and the

environment according to the will.

 Most of the magick we see today comes to us from

ancient Egypt and Chaldea. The Chinese, Hindus, and Tibetans

developed their own unique types of magick. Western magick

was locked up by the Egyptian priests for thousands of years

and then supressed by the rise of Christianity. It was not

until medieval Europe that magical knowledge was rediscovered

by the alchemists and Cabalists. Only during the past hundred

years or so has western culture been open minded enough to

permit widespread investigation of the subject. Only since

the start of the twentieth century has science shown much

interest in it al all.


 Through parapsychology, we are at last beginning to

gain insights into the hidden nature of man. Parapsychology

is a branch of psychology which studies psychic phenomena.

Remarkable evidence has been gathered on numerous cases of

psychic phenomena. Knowledge gained from parapsychology

studies can be applied, so far as it goes, to the much

broader based, much more theoretical study and practice of


 Thus, the human mind and body appears to broadcast

psychic energy or force, much like a radio station. Kirlian

photography and cloud chamber tests tend to support this

theory. Although the exact nature of this psychic force is

subtle and unknown, it is undoubtedly the energy behind all

psychic phenomena and magick. However, it is *not* a radio

wave, since it behaves somewhat differently. The psychic

force is too weak to be measured directly (at least so far as

we know). Everyone has some psychic ability. There are

numerous types of psychic phenomena. Parapsychology separates

them into two groups: ESP and PK... THE BASICS OF MAGICK

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 ESP, the abreviation for extra sensory perception,

means the reception of information through paranormal means

(ie. not regular physical senses of sight, sound, touch,

smell, or taste). In theory, this is accomplished by

receiving psychic force from outside the body. Here are some

examples of ESP: 

 1) Clairvoyance, or Remote Viewing -- the ability to

sense or 'see' (non-physically) distant objects, places, and

people. Individuals who see ghosts and spirits are probably


 2) Astral Projection (OOBE) or Traveling Clairvoyance

-- Full experience at a remote location while the physical

body sleeps. 

 3) Psychometry -- the reading of information by the

touch of physical objects.

 4) Telepathic receiver -- the ability to directly

receive thought (communication) at a distance, with no

physical connection to the sender. There are many everyday

examples of this, in which we think something just as another

person is about to say it. This is an easy one to test for

through experiment. Very dramatic cases of telepathy have

been recorded; there is often an emotional element in such


 5) A medium, as in a seance.

 6) Experience with a Ouija board, pendulum, or

automatic writing.

 7) Precognition -- to forsee the future. Again,

highly emotional events are the ones most likely to be 'tuned



 PK, the abreviation for psychokinesis, is the active

or sending side of psychic phenomena. The theory here is that

psychic force is sent out from the individual. Examples of PK


 1) Telepathic sender -- the transmitter in the

telepathy just discussed.

 2) Psychokinesis (or telekinesis) proper -- the

ability to move objects by means of psychic force.

 3) Somewhat along the same lines are poltergeist

(noisy ghost) phenomena in which objects move of their own

accord or noises are heard. There is always a human agent

involved -- frequently a teenage girl -- who appears to be

the source of psychic energy. 

 4) Psychic healing -- the ability to heal various

illnesses and infirmities. There are many documented cases of

this. Usually it involves a healer and a subject, although

there are recent cases invloving cancer patients learning to

heal themselves. 

 5) Teleportation, apportation, and levitation.

 Some occultists feel a magician producing PK effects

is simply a channel for universal energy. Others think the

force originates some way directly within the magician.THE BASICS OF MAGICK

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 Postulated by Freud and others, the concept of the

subconscious mind is an important one. Basicly, this is the

idea that part of the mind normally operates below or outside

of ordinary consciousness and awareness. Dreams and hypnosis

are examples of this. Also subconscious are the many

automatic functions of the physical body such as respiration

and digestion.


 Magick encompasses many things -- science and art,

philosophy and metaphysics, psychology and comparative

religion. Magick is an adventure at the borderlands of the

unknown. It can fit the pieces of the puzzel of life into a

meaningful whole.

 _Magick is fun_ and interesting. Use magick to help

raise consciousness without drugs. Gain new experiences.

Fantacy can come alive through magick. Psychic phenomena can

be controlled and be fun and helpful.

 _Magick is beneficial_. It can help you to have

excellent health, and bring you good luck. With magick life

runs smoothly; life is good. Also use magick for personality

improvement, to control bad habits and to develop new


 _Magick is powerful_. Never underestimate the

tremendous power of magick. Use magick to alter events and to

achieve your goals. Exert an influence over people and

phenomena. But power for its own sake is self defeating. The

power which magick can give you should not be your primary

reason for studying it.


 A number of other occult disciplines are prevalent

today besides magick. There are many cults and sects which

profess their own views, but there are really few differences

between them. One popular area in the occult today is

witchcraft. This is far removed from the cliche of devil

worship. Real witchcraft is a nature religion (pagan).

Witchcraft has much in common with magick.

 Alchemy also has much in common with magick. It's

heritage comes from the middle ages. Alchemy fathered

chemistry and the physical sciences. But the avowed purpose

of alchemy, turning lead into gold, is too limiting to be

called magick. Sometimes the goal of alchemy is interpreted

in another way, as the transformation of man into a spiritual


 Then there are the numerous modern day seers or

'pychics', as they like to be called, who operate within

their own somewhat unique systems. Although many of these

people are deluded frauds, some are very powerful occultists


 Of course, everything I have said here is a

generalization. Magick, witchcraft, alchemy, or any occult

field are complex subjects. Suffice it to say that magickTHE BASICS OF MAGICK

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includes them all (it is eclectic). For magick is undoubtedly

a philosophy which has, as the late Aleister Crowley wrote,

"The method of science -- the aim of religion."


1) Define magick.

2) Define ESP and PK. Give examples.

3) What is the subconsicous?


Hal N. Banks, An Introduction to Psychic Studies.

Annie Besant, Thought Power.

Michael H. Brown, PK, A Report on the Power of Psychokinesis.

Richard Cavendish, The Black Arts.

Alexandira David-Neel, Magic and Mystery in Tibet.

Raynor C. Johnson, The Imprisoned Splendour.

Ostrander and Shroeder, Psychic Discoveries Behind the

 Iron Curtan.


 Your awareness of the physical world and of your

place within it is mostly based upon the physical senses

(hearing, sight, smell, touch, taste). These five senses

continually send information to the mind, and it is up to

the mind to select and interpret them. If you could not do

so, your senses would overwhelm you and be meaningless.

Selection and interpretation of your sensory inputs is

essentially an automatic, mostly subconscious function of

the mind. The program or map which the subconscious follows

as its reference point is called a _model_. The model is a

subconscious mental photograph of how you believe the world

looks (ie. worldview, mindset, egregore, or belief system).

It was built up from an early age by your religious and

cultural background through interaction with family and

others. It contains your experiences, attitudes, and

habits. And whether you realize it or not, most of your

behavior, thoughts, feelings, and habits are based upon and

conditioned by that model; even personality. The model is

one of the mind's master programs. Change in behavior

generally requires a change in the model. These limitations

built into our way of thinking cause our perceptions to be

subjective. That is why Hindu philosophy looks upon the

world as illusory (maya); the world itself (object) is not

an illusion, however from our viewpoint through perception

(subject) it is. 

 Thus we are all conditioned by experience. Except

that our perceptions, hence our experiences, are first

conditioned and limited by the model. Our perceptions and

experiences tend to conform to what we expect. We tend to

misinterpret or ignore things which do not match our

preconcieved notions about them. This is automatic.


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 The forgoing demonstrates how it is that there are

so many different versions of 'truth'. One's particular

view is almost arbitrary. Although numerous religions,

philosophies, and occult systems abound, they do not

contradict one and other as much as it might appear.

Rather, they describe the same (universal) reality taken

from different perspectives. For there can be no ultimate

truth in the physical world. We can only base our actions

upon assumptions and agreements. All experience is


 Yet, there is a separate reality within each of us

which is often ignored unless we seek it. This inner self

is in magick called the 'true will'. The true will is the

center of consciousness and identity. It is the 'real you'.

Everything else is an interface or link to it from the

outer (illusory) world. Since that interface is based upon

our model, it is conditoned and may sometimes produce false

information. 'Do what thou wilt' (Crowley) is an axiom of

magick; for the true will expresses our exact desires. And

what we truly want ('down deep') we tend to automatically

get. This isn't always in our best interests, since the

true will can be conditioned (tricked) by the illusion; and

then we might desire and obtain that which is not

ultimately good for us. (Karma strikes again!) The task of

the magician therefor is to awaken his awareneess of the

true will, to be free of conditioning, and thereby to

transcend maya. ('My will unconditioned is magical' --



 There is no great secret to changing behavior or

habits. It is largely a matter of determination. It

requires that you ignore the 'pull' of the model when you

strive for changes within yourself. The model is, after

all, a collection of 'habits', some of which must be

unlearned for permananent change to occur. There are two

ways to do this: direct, through will power and awareness

alone -- observing and acting out in an unattached or

indifferent manner; and indirect -- through conditioning

such as affirmation (explained later), self-hypnosis, and

magick. Meditation may help too, by relaxing tension and


 Emotions follow physical expression: smile and act

happy and you will tend to feel and be happy. The same is

also true for other emotions. Also, emotions can be

purposely used (or programed) to replace other emotions.

Using this technique, a magician is somewhat like an actor

in that he learns how to turn his emotions on and off at

will. Note that this is not 'fakeing it'; the magician is

probably more in touch with his true feelings than most

people. And for these reasons we say that happiness is

being happy.


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 Magick always involves self-hypnosis. However, it

is more than that too. For one thing, there are objective

forces involved (or so it would seem). Deities, spirits,

and cosmic force can have an independent existence. And the

repetitive physical movement sometimes involved in ritual

can itself generate PK force. On the other hand, it could

be argued that all of this is subjective to the magician.

Perhaps all magical effects could be produced through

hypnosis alone. But the effects are certainly real.

 Great complexity is not necessary in magick.

Although basicly magick is a medieval system of symbolism

(in a modern context), any cosmological system will work

from Cabala to Star Wars. We usually use the medieval one

in magick because it is convenient and traditional, and

because it seems to fit our thought processes well. What

really matters is that the model of the magician be

understood and programmed, and thus that the model and the

cosmological system do correspond.


1) Contrast subjective with objective.

2) What is a 'model'?

3) Explain the task of the magician.


Eric Berne, Games People Play.

Fritjof Capra, The Tao of Physics.

Carlos Castaneda, The Fire From Within.

Arthur Koestler, The Roots of Coincidence.

John C. Lilly, Simulations of God.

Alan Watts, The Book (on the taboo against knowing who you are).


 The ancients described man as mind, body, and soul.

Psychologists of the twentieth century added the

subconscious to that deffinition. This produces a four-fold

classification. The universe is also divided into four

corresponding parts ('worlds'), as shown below:


===== ==== =======

spiritual world spiritual body (soul or kia) intuition

mental world mental body (conscious mind) rational


astral world astral body (subconscious) emotions

physical world physical body physical senses

 The astral body (subconscious) is the intermediary

for intuition, magical and psychic phenomena, and is the

'psychic link' to the physical world. Most occult and

magical phenomena originate in the invisible, non-sensate,THE BASICS OF MAGICK

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non-physical realm (ie. without physical senses). Each of

the four worlds interacts with the other worlds. Psychic

energy flows from the spiritual to mental to astral to

physical. The physical world is a projection (manifestation,

reflection, or shadow) of the higher worlds. Our center of

consciousness is generally within these higher worlds.

"We are", to quote the rock music group the Police, "spirits

in the material world".

 There are many similar terms used by other occult

groups. For example, 'astral light' is another name for

astral world, although it may sometimes also refer to the

entire non-physical realm, as may 'inner planes' or 'the

invisible world'. Planes are essentially the same as worlds.

Vehicles or sheaths are the same as bodies. Some groups

include an etheric or vital body between physical and

astral: it is mostly 'physical' with a little of the

lower 'astral' besides. And sometimes astral and mental

are each divided into two parts (upper and lower). The

'causal body' is the upper 'mental'.


 We have been describing 'traditonal' occult

philosophy here, and certainly an important part of the

tradition is the idea (and terms) microcosm and macrocosm.

The greater universe, known as the *macrocosm*, includes

everything that exists. It corresponds with the *microcosm*,

or tiny universe, ie. man -- who is thought of as a

miniature replica of the macrocosm (whole universe).

This basic magical relationship is demonstrated in the

Bible (Genesis 1.27), where God is the macrocosm; and in

the writing of Trismegistus ("As above so below"). Since

man is in the image of God (universe) it follows that God

is in the image of man (in other words, man and the

God/universe match each other). The magician, as a microcosm

is thus connected with the macrocosm. There is an intimate

relationship of energies between you and everything else.

The universe is reflected within us and we are projected

into the universe. This is an important theory behind magick

and astrology.


 'Personal magick' is that magick used to affect the

self; often involving affirmation, self-suggestion, and

self-hypnosis. 'Active magick' is outer directed magick (as

in PK) used to affect someone or thing, or to bring about

an event. 'Passive magick' is to be affected (as in ESP)

by an outside non-physical cause. Everyone possesses some

magical (and psychic) potential. Some are especially

gifted. Usually people are better at one kind of magick

(ie. active or passive) than they are at the other kind;

only rarely does an individual excell at both. Traning

and practice will, of course, improve ability somewhat.

 Although the forces of magick are neutral, variousTHE BASICS OF MAGICK

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systems may take on the qualities of good and evil. There

is so-called white magick or good magick, black magick or

evil magick, and gray magick between them. When many people

refer to white magick they mean magick for unselfish

purposes, also healing and mental influence with specific

permission. By black magick they refer to magick for

self-interest and healing *without* specific permission.

Using magick to forcefully control another's will is, in a

sense, black magick too. There are also some people on the

occult fringe who claim to be, possibly even think they are,

'Satanists', devil worshipers, or black magicians. These

people are most likely charlatans, hoaxters, dablers, or

merely misinformed. They may be attracted by the 'art' of

black magick, or even by the 'glamor' of doing something

against the 'rules'. But a real black magician is very

dangerous. Because he has dedicated his life to evil. We

usually think of 'white magick' as having *unselfish

intent*, and (in the extreme case) of 'black magick' as

being actual Satan worship, human or animal sacrifice,

dangerous unconventional magical practices, and other

bizarre stuff as makes a nightmare. It is all a matter of

degree. Most mild self-interest magick (one of the most

common kinds) would be called 'gray'. Better terms may be

*constructive magick* as being beneficial; and *aversive

magick* as magick intended to work against the natural

order, and to tear down. There is also the *high magick* of

spiritual alchemy (ie. spiritual growth), also known as 'the

Great Work'; and conversely there is 'low magick' which is

concerned with materiality. 

 Any magick act is likely to produce side effects

regardless of whether or not the desired result is achieved.

Such side effects are no problem for constructive magick,

since they are benificial as well. However, aversive magick

can produce aversive side effects which may even harm the

magician -- aversive magick is dangerous!


 What we have been calling 'magick' is actually a

continuous process. Since your subconscious never rests,

your environment is continually being shifted into line with

your model. This is true whether you study magick or not.

For most people, these effects are usually very subtle, and

they are probably not aware of them. However, as you work

with the occult, the flow of psychic energy and your

awareness of it increases. Your true will is more likely

to be strongly expressed. Your luck may be affected (either

in a positive or a negative way). Remember, our lives tend

to follow what we want down deep. That is why a positive

outlook is so very beneficial to us.


 Sometimes it is helpful to keep a diary of your

magical experiments and research. Such a diary should includeTHE BASICS OF MAGICK

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the date, perhaps even some astrological data (or anything

else you think may have a relationship to what you are doing).

This is also a good time to begin recording your dreams --

at least the important ones -- in a dream diary. Your dreams

can tell you a great deal about yourself, and may sometimes

reveal premonitions. Dreams are personal. Don't fall for the

commercial 'dream book' gimmick.


 The mind is always open to suggestion -- especially the

subconscious. Most of the time we censor any suggestions

according to the model; but one way to break through the censor

is with repetition. An affirmation does this exactly. By

suggestion, we mean any statement which is capable of affecting

your model. Usually suggestion is in the form of a positive

statement (such as the hypnotist's patter -- " You are

becomming sleepy"). An affirmation is the same kind of thing --

a positive suggestion, which you repeat (affirm) to yourself

aloud or silently (for example, "I remember my dreams"). If

there is some quality you wish to change or develope within

yourself, an affirmation is ideal. Repeat it several times

every day at several different times throughout the day,

expecially when you go to bed. Affirmations are subtle and may

require a few months to work. Use them for changes, not



 Visualization is another important method we use to

influence the subconscious. A good example of this is the

simple banishing technique which follows. Banishing is used in

magick to 'clear the air' of negative 'vibes' and


 Visualize a strong white light flowing out the top of

your head, flowing down around you and covering you. At the

same time imagine you are throwing away any 'problem' vibes.

Maintain the visualization for a half a minute or longer.

Good way to help you handle your emotions, and to control

worry or anger.


1) What is a microcosm?

2) List the four worlds. Explain.

3) What is an affirmation? Give an example.


Geoffry Hodson, Theosophy Answers Some Problems of Life.THE BASICS OF MAGICK

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Marc Edmund Jones, Key Truths of Occult Philosophy.

Marion Weinstein, Positive Magic.

Nelson & Ann White, The Wizard's Apprentice.

Beatrice Bruteau, The Psychic Grid.


 The Ancients divided the world into four basic

principles or *elements* -- earth, water, fire, and air.

That viewpoint has mostly changed with advances of science,

but the four elements are still accepted in magick, for they

are more closely linked with the emotions than modern

explanations of the world. Many occultists think of the magical

elements as forces, or as *qualities* of energy; especially

within the astral world. Each element has a symbol and color.

(Common symbols are -- fire: a triangle pointing up; air:

a triangle pointing up and with a horizontal line through the

middle of it; water: a triangle pointing down; earth: a

triangle pointing down and with a horizontal line through the

middle of it.) Colors of the elements are -- earth: brown and

green; water: blue; fire: red; air: yellow...The Eastern

tattvic system uses different symbols and colors. The elements

are often used in magick ritual.

 Magick sees relationships between things. These

relationships are called 'correspondences'. Although magical

correspondences are not literally equal to one another, you can

think of them that way (such as gold equals sun). Tables of

these relationships, called 'Correspondence Tables', are

available (an important one is Crowley's '777'). Thus one thing

or symbol can be used to suggest another. This is important in

magick, for the magician may surround himself with as many

appropriate correspondences as he can to vividly affect the

senses; thus making his magical contact with the inner planes

more lucid.

 The magical elements have correspondences with the

tarrot cards as the four suits. The four quarters (directions

of the universe as used in magick ritual) and the Archangels

also correspond with these same elements --

Element Suit Quarter Archangel

======= ==== ======= =========

earth pentacles north Uriel

water cups west Gabriel

fire wands south Michael

air swords east Raphael


 The magical elements are said to be peopled by spirits

and mythological entities called elementals or nature spirits.

These are grouped into four main categories --

Gnome (earth) Undine (water) Salamander (fire) Sylph (air)THE BASICS OF MAGICK

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============= ============== ================= ===========

dwarfs nymphs jin (genies) fairies

elves tritons storm angels

brownies mermaids

hobgoblins mermen

lepricauns sirens


 Elementals are usually only visible to those with

clairvoyant sight and are more likely to be seen at night in

the mountains or country away from cities -- especially if you

are tired or sleepy. Although elementals exist naturally, it is

also possible to create one which will exist for a limited time

-- no elemental has immortality. A created elemental is called

an 'artificial elemental'.

 To the Ancients, elementals were the physical

explanation of the universe. However, some contemporary

occultists see them only as symbols for forces and otherwise

not 'real' at all. Another word sometimes used for elemental is

'familiar' (usually in medieval witchcraft); the term is

ambiguous, as it might merely be an ordinary household pet such

as a dog or cat.


 Chinese philosophy and acupuncture talk of yin yang.

This is the idea of polarity, or opposite pairs, as shown --


 === ====

 water fire

 contraction expansion

 cold hot

 feminine masculine

 moon sun

 negative positive

 passive active

 ebb flow

 wane wax

The list could go on. In Chinese literature it is quite long.

Some occultists suggest everything can be similarly arranged

into related opposite pairs.


 Here is a simple magical technique you may wish to

try. It is a variation of affirmation, which was discussed

in an earlier lesson...To help to you achieve your goal

(magical or otherwise), find a word or short phase which sums

up what it is that you want to accomplish. Write the word (orTHE BASICS OF MAGICK

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phrase) down 10 times each day until you achieve success.


1) List the four elements.

2) What is an elemental?

3) What are correspondences?


William Britten, Art Magic (long out of print, but in some


Pete Carrol, Liber Null.

Wing-Tsit Chan, A Source Book in Chinese Philosophy.

Manly Hall, Unseen Forces.


 According to East Indian philosophy, man possesses seven

major *chakras* or psychic centers on his body. Each of these

forms a bridge, link, or energy transformer; changing pure

(higher) energy into various forms, and connecting the four

bodies (ie. spiritual, mental, astral, and physical) together.

The chakras are located along the nadies (a network of psychic

nerves or channels) and follow the autonomic nervous system

along the spinal cord. Chakras correlate with major acupuncture

points along the 'governing vessel meridian' (acupuncture term).

The seven major chakras are connected together by three major

nadies which are parallel and near each other. The middle nadi

is called *sushumna* and it has neutral characteristics. The

nadi on the left (ie. nearest your left hand) is the *ida* nadi

which has yin characteristics. On the other side of sushumna

(nearest your right hand) is the *pingala* nadi, having yang


 Chakras are visible to clairvoyant sight as varously

colored rotating circles or funnels. In the East they are

described as petaled flowers or lotuses. Sources disagree on the


 The first chakra, located at the base of the spine at

the perineum is the *root chakra*, muladhara. It primarily

relates to the element of earth and to psychic smell.

 The second chakra, known as the *sacral center*,

svadhisthana, is located above and behind the genitals. Its

dominant element is water, and it is related to psychic taste.

 Third of the chakras is the *solar plexus*, manipura,

located at the navel and corresponding with the emotions and

with the element of fire; also with psychic sight


 The *heart chakra*, anahata, is the fourth chakra,

located over the heart and corresponding with the element of

air, and also with psychic touch.

 The fifth chakra is the *throat chakra*, vishuddha,THE BASICS OF MAGICK